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2/13/20 3:18 P

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In the U.S., how far does the average food item travel before it reaches your table?
Over 1,000 miles emoticon
Our existing system of food transportation and distribution requires enormous amounts of energy and resources. Before reaching your table, the average food item in the United States will travel 1,300 miles! This is one of many reasons that environmentalists and nutritionists alike recommend eating locally grown food as much as possible.

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2/13/20 3:15 P

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A single serving of bread is equal to:
1oz emoticon
A single serving of bread is equal to 1 ounce. That's about the size of one small slice, 1/2 a bagel or 1/2 a bun.

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2/13/20 3:13 P

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______________ lowers blood pressure, decreases the stress hormone cortisol, and increases pain tolerance.
Oxytocin emoticon
When we experience friendly, affectionate touch, our bodies release oxytocin, which is sometimes called the love hormone. Oxytocin's effects include lowering blood pressure, decreasing the stress-related hormone cortisol and increasing pain tolerance. It is released through friendly touch, including contact between breastfeeding moms and their babies, cuddling couples and even pets and their owners.

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2/11/20 4:20 P

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On average, women in the United States experience menopause at what age?
51 emoticon
Most women in the United States go through menopause around the age of 51, although a small number will experience menopause as early as age 40 or in their late 50’s. Menopause rarely occurs after age 60. Menopause that is diagnosed before age 40 is considered to be abnormal or "premature menopause."

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2/11/20 4:15 P

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A woman is said to be in menopause when:
She has gone for one full year without experiencing a menstrual period emoticon
Hot flashes and irregular periods begin to occur during perimenopause (the time before menopause). After one full year without periods, a woman is considered to be menopausal, or "in menopause." Symptoms like irritability and depression may occur in some women during this time, but aren’t necessarily caused by menopause.

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2/11/20 4:08 P

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Antibiotics can treat a cold or the flu.
False emoticon
When you come down with a cold or the flu, the last thing you should do is take an antibiotic. Most antibiotics only work against infections caused by bacteria, so they won't work against illnesses (like the cold or the flu) that are caused by viruses. Currently, no licensed antibiotics exist for fighting the common cold. Some prescription antibiotics (known as antiviral medications) are available and effective against the flu, but only if they're taken very early in the illness.

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2/10/20 2:15 P

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It's better to squeeze out one more repetition, even with bad form, to really fatigue your muscles.
False emoticon
Bad form is never a good idea. The only thing this will accomplish is increasing your risk of injury. Your goal should be to stop after the last repetition you can do in good form--that means without using momentum or body contortions to move the weight. A little muscle trembling or shakiness is OK, but don't go beyond that.

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2/10/20 2:12 P

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If you smoke, you should check with your doctor before starting a new fitness program
True emoticon
A document called a PAR-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) can help you determine if you need a medical evaluation before starting an exercise program. You can get one here.

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2/10/20 2:11 P

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What percentage of antioxidants does olive oil lose after 6 months of storage?
40 emoticon
study from the Journal of Food Science found that olive oil loses 40% of its antioxidants after 6 months of storage. For the maximum nutrient benefit, many foods, including olive oil, must be used within a relatively short amount of time. The moment a food is picked and/or processed it begins to change chemically, altering the flavor, texture, color and even the nutrient content.

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2/8/20 3:07 P

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One ounce of dark chocolate contains as much caffeine as an 8-ounce cup of coffee.
False emoticon
While eating chocolate may perk you up, chocolate is actually not very high in caffeine. A 1.4-ounce chocolate bar or an 8-ounce glass of chocolate milk both contain 6 mg of caffeine, the same amount as a cup of decaffeinated coffee. (For reference, regular coffee contains about 65-135mg of caffeine.)

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2/8/20 3:03 P

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To achieve minimum health and fitness benefits, adults should aim for how many aerobic exercise sessions per week?
3 emoticon
Adults should work out for a minimum of 3 days of cardio (aerobic exercise) per week with no more than 2 days off between sessions. Gradually work your way up to 5 or 6 days per week

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2/8/20 2:36 P

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Depression can occur when other areas of your life are going well.
True emoticon
People can experience depression even when life is going well. While depression can be triggered by unfortunate life events, that is not always the case.

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2/7/20 10:26 A

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How many calories per gram does alcohol contain?
7 emoticon
[Alcohol] is high in calories, second only to fat in calories per gram (fat has 9 calories per gram; alcohol has 7). If you drink alcoholic beverages regularly, they can contribute a lot of calories to your diet, which can slow or stop weight loss, and promote weight gain. To limit the effect of alcohol on your weight, drink alcohol in moderation (defined above) or only on occasion.

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2/7/20 10:23 A

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After an intense workout, what nutrient does your body need most?
Carbohydrates emoticon
Carbohydrates. Roughly 60% of the calories you eat at this time should come from carbohydrates. Contrary to popular belief, your body needs more carbohydrates than protein after a workout, to replace the muscle fuel (glycogen) you used up and to prepare for your next exercise session. Moderate exercisers need about 30-40 grams of carbohydrates after an hour of exercise, but high-intensity exercisers need more—around 50-60 grams for each hour they exercised.

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2/7/20 10:20 A

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How many servings of ice cream are in a single pint?
4 emoticon
A pint of ice cream is not a single serving; it's FOUR servings. If you eat an entire pint, you have to multiply the number of calories, fat grams, etc. listed on the label by four. Stick to portions the size of half a tennis ball, and always scoop your ice cream into a small bowl instead of eating it directly from the container to prevent overeating.

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2/5/20 4:29 P

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About ____% of the calories you consume post-workout should come from fat.
15% emoticon
Fat doesn't play a big role in post-workout recovery, and eating too much fat after a workout won't help your weight control or fitness endeavors. Only 15% (or less) of your post-workout calories should come from fat—that's less than 10 grams.

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2/5/20 4:25 P

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Soybeans can contain more Omega-3's than certain types of fish.
True emoticon
One serving of cooked soybeans contains more omega-3s (in the form of ALA) than some coldwater fish. Tofu, which is made from soybeans, contains Omega-3's, too, but only about one-third as much as the whole cooked beans do.

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2/5/20 4:24 P

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Which burger is lower in fat?
McDonald's Hamburger emoticon
McDonald's hamburger is 250 calories and 8 grams of fat, which is a lower calorie and lower fat option than Wendy's Jr. Hamburger. Wendy's Jr. hamburger is 300 calories and 16 grams of fat. Why the big difference? Mayo comes standard on the Wendy's burger, so ask them to "hold the mayo" and you'll save both fat and calories on this option. Always read the menu details to know what's included and what you can easily skip to make it a lower-calorie option. If you want cheese, factor in about 40 more calories.

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2/4/20 4:54 P

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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women.
True emoticon
Nearly 70% of Americans don't get enough exercise, yet inactivity is a major risk factor for developing coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, calcium and other substances in the inner lining of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. This build-up makes the arteries narrowed or blocked, and when oxygen-rich blood can't reach the heart, the result is chest pain or a heart attack. Over time, CAD can weaken the heart muscle and lead to heart failure.

While CAD is the most common type of heart disease and the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women, the good news is that lifestyle changes—like exercise!—can help prevent or treat CAD in most people.

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2/4/20 4:51 P

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High blood pressure is usually asymptomatic.
True emoticon
You may have high blood pressure and not even know it. While 50 million Americans suffer from this affliction, 33 percent don't even know they have it, and 70 percent don't have it under control. High blood pressure is often referred to as the "silent killer." In general, it does not directly cause symptoms. When blood pressure is very high, it may cause symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, fatigue and ringing in the ears. However, it often causes no symptoms. The only way to know where you stand is to have your blood pressure checked by a qualified professional.

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2/4/20 4:49 P

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Simply walking for 15 minutes per day (without changing your diet) can prevent weight gain. False emoticon
Walking alone might not be enough to prevent weight gain. Researchers from the Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center say that simply walking for 15 minutes (or about 2,000 steps) and eating a couple fewer bites of food can help you prevent future weight gain.

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2/3/20 3:15 P

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The average American family throws away _ worth of food per year.
$1300-2300 emoticon
According to The Natural Resources Defense Council, "American families throw out approximately 25 percent of the food and beverages they buy. The cost estimate for the average family of four is $1,365 to $2,275 annually."


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2/3/20 3:12 P

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Most people with diabetes suffer from type 2 diabetes.
True emoticon
Between 90% and 95% of diabetes cases are type 2. Learn The Causes Type 2 Diabetes.

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2/3/20 3:08 P

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Which item is the lowest-calorie dessert at the golden arches?
McDonald's Kiddie Cone emoticon
All in all, both of these options can fit into a healthy diet. Surprisingly, the Kiddie Cone is one of the lowest calorie items on the entire menu, at only 45 calories and 1 gram of fat. It will satisfy your sweet tooth and help you keep your portions in control. Unfortunately, the 35-calorie Apple Dippers come with a 70-calorie caramel dipping sauce. Still, they make a good choice for only 105 calories and half a gram of fat--and an even better choice if you don't eat the dipping sauce at all. If you have a few more calories to spend on your sweet tooth, consider ordering the larger Vanilla Reduced-Fat Ice Cream Cone. It's more than 3 times the serving size of the Kiddie one, but still low in calories (150) and fat (3.5).

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2/2/20 12:31 A

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The US imports more cocoa beans than any other country.
False emoticon
The Netherlands is the top importer of cocoa beans, importing about 20% of the world's cocoa per year!


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2/2/20 12:28 A

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Alcohol is metabolized DIFFERENTLY than other foods and beverages.
True emoticon
Alcohol is metabolized differently than other foods and beverages. Under normal conditions, your body gets its energy from the calories in carbohydrates, fats and proteins that need to be slowly digested in the stomach—but not when alcohol is present. When alcohol is consumed, it gets special privileges and needs no digestion. The alcohol molecules diffuse through the stomach wall as soon as they arrive and can reach the brain and liver in minutes. This reaction is slightly slowed when there is also food in your system, but as soon as the mixed contents enter the small intestine, the alcohol grabs first place and is absorbed quickly. The alcohol then arrives at the liver for processing. The liver places all of its attention on the alcohol. Therefore, the carbohydrates (glucose) and dietary fats are just changed into body fat, waiting to be carried away for permanent fat storage in the body


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2/2/20 12:24 A

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About ____% of the calories you consume post-workout should come from fat.
15% emoticon
Fat doesn't play a big role in post-workout recovery, and eating too much fat after a workout won't help your weight control or fitness endeavors. Only 15% (or less) of your post-workout calories should come from fat—that's less than 10 grams.


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1/30/20 3:31 P

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According to research conducted at Tufts University, people who consume the most whole grains are ___ less likely to develop diabetes.
42% emoticon
A 2006 study by Tufts University showed that people who consume the most whole grains are 42 percent less likely to develop diabetes.

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1/30/20 3:27 P

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If you take time off or stop strength training, how quickly will your muscles begin to lose strength?
Within 2 weeks emoticon
After consistent strength training stops, you will eventually lose the strength that you built up. Without overload or maintenance, muscles will weaken in two weeks or less! This is the basis behind why individuals lose muscle mass as they age—because they are detraining by exercising less frequently.

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1/30/20 3:25 P

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Eggs can absorb flavors and smells from your fridge.
True emoticon
Eggshells have more than 17,000 pores. Keeping them in open air in the fridge next to last night’s salmon may yield a fishy-tasting omelet the next morning. Storing your eggs in the carton can help keep them fresh and tasty. It’s safest to keep eggs on the middle or bottom shelf of the fridge, not in the door, where temperatures often rise above the recommended 37 degrees Fahrenheit.

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1/27/20 1:17 P

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If you don't have allergies by the time you're 30, you won't develop them later in life.
False emoticon
Because repeated exposure to substances can prompt an allergic reaction, you are more likely to develop allergies as you get older.

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1/27/20 1:16 P

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Line up these 5 homemade pies in order of most to least calories per slice (highest to lowest calories).
Pecan pie, cherry pie, apple pie, pumpkin pie, sweet potato pie emoticon
Here's the fat and calorie breakdown for homemade pies:
Pecan pie 503 calories, 27 grams fat
Cherry pie 486 calories, 22 grams fat
Apple pie 411 calories, 19 grams fat
Pumpkin pie 316 calories, 14 grams fat
Sweet potato pie 250 calories, 12 grams fat

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1/27/20 1:10 P

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What equation determines whether your weight is appropriate for your height.
BMI emoticon emoticon
BMI (body mass index) is a quick and easy way to determine if your weight is appropriate for your height.


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1/27/20 12:31 A

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How much dietary cholesterol should you consume from foods each day?
Less than 300 milligrams emoticon
Less than 300 milligrams. Dietary cholesterol is found only in foods of animal origin, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It is not found in plant foods like grains, fruits and vegetables. Individuals should limit their intake of dietary cholesterol to less than 300 milligrams daily.

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1/27/20 12:17 A

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Wearing a heart rate monitor is the best way a person with high blood pressure can measure their exercise intensity.
False emoticon
Measuring heart rate is NOT a safe or effective way to measure exercise intensity if you have high blood pressure. For more detail and safety precautions, read Exercising with High Blood Pressure.

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1/26/20 11:23 P

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Which of the following is an appropriate warm up?
B and C only emoticon
Contrary to popular belief, stretching is not the same thing as warning up. A warm up can be a lower intensity version of the workout you are about to do, or it can be a completely different exercise. As long as it increases your heart and breathing rates, involves the muscles you are about to use, and lasts for 5-10 minutes it is considered a proper warm up. So why is a warm up so important? Read Common Fitness Blunders to find out.

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1/25/20 4:29 P

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If left uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to:
All of the above emoticon
Diabetes is a disease that can be prevented in most cases and treated successfully in the rest. But improper management of this disease can cause serious complications in many different areas of the body. If you have diabetes or are at risk for developing it, here is a head-to-toe list of its potential complications, and suggestions to prevent them from happening to you.

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1/25/20 4:22 P

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Eating soup before your meal can help you consume fewer total calories during your meal.
True emoticon
Soup may curb your appetite. Studies show that people who eat broth or vegetable-based soups (not creamy or high-fat ones) as the first course of a meal consume fewer total calories during their meal. In fact, study participants consumed 20% fewer calories when they started their meal with soup!

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1/25/20 4:19 P

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What do all three types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational) have in common?
They result in high levels of glucose in the bloodstream emoticon
If insulin isn’t available, or if the body isn’t using it correctly, a person's blood glucose will remain elevated. The latter describes diabetes mellitus, a serious health condition that affects millions of people. There are actually three variations of this disease, but all are characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Learn more about the similarities and differences between all three Types of Diabetes.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 1/25/2020 (16:34)
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1/24/20 2:18 P

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Aerobic exercise decreases HDL cholesterol.
False emoticon
HDL cholesterol is the "good" cholesterol. Aerobic exercise increases HDL (good) cholesterol and decreases LDL (bad) cholesterol.

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1/24/20 2:13 P

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Which of the following foods contain all 9 essential amino acids?
All of the above emoticon
Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt and soybeans provide all nine essential amino acids. For this reason, they are considered high quality or COMPLETE proteins.

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1/24/20 1:51 P

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How many cups of popcorn does a large tub from a movie theatre usually contain?
20 cups emoticon
On average, a large popcorn (which contains 20 cups) boasts a mind-boggling 100 grams of fat—the equivalent of more than six fast food hamburgers. With about 1,300 calories, that large popcorn packs almost a full day’s supply of calories for the average dieter.

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1/23/20 2:18 P

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Pollen counts are HIGHEST between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m.
False emoticon
Pollen counts are highest between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m. If you have allergies to pollen, you should avoid going outdoors during this time frame.


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1/23/20 2:16 P

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Cold and flu season is in full swing! To stop germs from spreading, how long should you wash your hands at each session
20 seconds emoticon
The number one way to defend yourself during cold and flu season is to wash your hands, including under the nails and in between fingers for at least 20 seconds with warm, soapy water—and to do so frequently.


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1/23/20 2:13 P

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Flaxseeds contain more Omega-3 fatty acids per weight than salmon.
True emoticon
Fifty grams of flaxseed has about the same amount of omega-3's as three pounds of salmon!

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1/21/20 5:27 P

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Sensitivities to specific allergens (such as pollen) are inherited.
False emoticon
Sensitivities to specific allergens are not inherited, but the tendency to develop allergies can be traced back to your parents. If your mother was allergic to dust mites for example, you might also develop allergies--but not necessarily to the same substance. If one of your parents had allergies, you have a one in three chance of also developing an allergy. This risk jumps as high as 75% if both of your parents had allergies.


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1/21/20 5:25 P

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Which of the following vitamins is water-soluble?
Vitamin B-12 emoticon
Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water. They include the B-complex vitamins and vitamin C. They are carried in your bloodstream and are not stored in the body in significant amounts. Your body uses the amount that is needed, and then the extra is excreted in the urine. Since your body does not store water-soluble vitamins, regular intake is necessary. Water-soluble vitamins are also destroyed more easily during food storage, processing and preparation.

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1/21/20 5:13 P

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Women need more calcium than men do.
False emoticon
The calcium needs of men and women are the same: 1,000 milligrams daily for adults up to age 50. Older adults, both men and women, need more.

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1/21/20 12:48 A

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The only way your body can store energy from food is in the form of body fat.
False emoticon
Your body can store energy from food for future use in two ways: 1) as fat and 2) as muscle fuel (called glycogen). Its first priority is to fill its glycogen tanks, because glycogen is the body's primary source of energy for physical activity. Once your glycogen stores are filled and the rest of the body's energy needs are covered, all the extra energy from your food will be stored as body fat.

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1/21/20 12:41 A

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Which of the following foods contain cholesterol?
A, B, C, D and E only emoticon
Dietary cholesterol is found only in foods of animal origin, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It is not found in plant foods like grains, fruits and vegetables. In moderate amounts, it is essential to good health

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