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1/29/19 8:29 A

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Which of the following is responsible for the sweetness in some candies?
Corn syrup emoticon
Although all of these ingredients can be found in candy, corn syrup is the most common sweetening agent. Artificial flavors provide the flavor, but not the sweetness. Modified corn starch is a thickening agent, and yellow 5 is a food coloring.




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1/28/19 9:18 A

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Tall people make better runners.
False emoticon
Height has nothing to do with how well or fast you run. The world's current fastest male marathon runner, Haile Gebrselassie, is only 5'3". What determines your speed is your composition of fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscle fibers, leg turnover, fitness level and musculoskeletal system. While we cannot change genetics, training will allow for better leg turnover, fitness gains and better development of energy levels and musculoskeletal system. Over time, this translates to greater speed.




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You should keep cold foods BELOW what temperature to keep them out of the Danger Zone?
40° F emoticon
Cold food must be kept below 40° F to be considered a safe holding temperature by USDA standards. Some food safety experts go as low as 37° F, just to be on the safe side. Walk-in coolers and your home refrigerators should be right around these temperatures to safeguard against bacteria growth.




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1/28/19 9:18 A

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Which of the following is a caloric sweetener?
Barley Malt emoticon
Barley malt is the only caloric sweetener in this list. The others are artificial sweeteners.




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1/26/19 6:31 P

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For best results, you should increase the amount of weight you lift every time you workout.
False emoticon
Progressively overloading your muscles is the key to effective strength training. But increasing the weight you use too rapidly can lead to burnout, chronic soreness, and overuse injuries. A better approach for most people is to increase the weight (by about 10%) when you can reliably do the higher number of reps each time in good form.



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1/26/19 6:30 P

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Which essential nutrients help regulate cellular fluid and transmit nerve impulse?
Minerals emoticon
Electrolytes are special minerals that help regulate cellular fluid and transmit nerve impulses.



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1/26/19 6:05 P

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Dutch-processed chocolate contains the most antioxidants.
False emoticon
Many cocoa powders are "Dutch processed" or "alkalized" to reduce their acidity, but this processing also reduces their antioxidants and phenols. Natural cocoa powder provides the most benefits.



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1/25/19 8:21 A

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Which of the following foods may help reduce your risk of osteoarthritis?
A, B, C and D Only emoticon
A diet low in omega-3 fatty acids (the good-for-you fats, from foods like flaxseeds, pumpkin seeds, hempseeds, and salmon) and high in unhealthy fats (corn, safflower and cottonseed oils, fatty meats, high-fat dairy products, saturated fat and trans fats) may contribute to your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Healthy omega-3's reduce joint inflammation while unhealthy fats can increase it.



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1/25/19 8:14 A

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How many calories are equal to one pound of body fat?
3,500 emoticon
One pound of body fat is equal to 3,500 calories. That means you have to create a 3,500-calorie deficit through diet and exercise to lose one pound of body fat. To gain a pound, you'd have to consume 3,500 calories more than your body is able to use.



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1/25/19 7:54 A

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What does 'isometric' mean?
Same length emoticon
Isometric means "same length." This is a high-intensity contraction of the muscle with no change in the length of the muscle. In other words, your muscles are working hard but the muscle itself remains static. Isometric exercises are good for variety and some strength maintenance, but they don’t challenge your body enough to build much strength.



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1/24/19 8:02 A

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All types of chocolate provide health benefits.
False emoticon
Research suggests that the consumption of chocolate may help prevent high blood pressure, improve heart health, and provide a bounty of antioxidants. But all chocolate is not created equal, and not all types of chocolate offer these health benefits.



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1/24/19 7:53 A

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Although menopause usually does not require extra medical care, you should see your doctor if:
All of the above emoticon
All of these abnormal changes in menstruation could indicate a problem, so check with your doctor.



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1/24/19 7:50 A

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Most exercisers lose how many cups of fluid (sweat) per hour of moderate exercise?
4 cups
emoticon Most moderate exercisers will lose about one quart (4 cups) of fluid per hour of exercise, so try to drink about 16-20 ounces of water shortly after your workout to aid the recovery process.



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1/23/19 8:05 A

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Too much calcium intake can lead to problems.
True emoticon
Extremely large amounts of calcium over a long period of time can result in calcium deposits in soft organs, kidney stone development, or poor kidney functioning. The Tolerable Upper Intake Level is 2,500 milligrams daily.



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1/23/19 8:01 A

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Of adults with arthritis, how many take part in a regular exercise program?
2/3 emoticon
According to a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, adults with arthritis aren't exercising enough. According to researchers, more than one-third of adults with arthritis do NOT exercise at all (meaning approximately 2/3 do), and people with arthritis are less likely than people without arthritis to meet recommended levels of physical activity (30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week). Exercise is an important part of an arthritis management program.



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1/23/19 7:55 A

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What do all three types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational) have in common?
They result in high levels of glucose in the bloodstream emoticon
If insulin isn’t available, or if the body isn’t using it correctly, a person's blood glucose will remain elevated. The latter describes diabetes mellitus, a serious health condition that affects millions of people. There are actually three variations of this disease, but all are characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.



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1/22/19 7:56 A

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Men can get cellulite.
True emoticon
While the structure of men's skin prevents most men from getting cellulite, there are some cases of male orange-peel appearance—particularly in men with lower levels of the male hormone androgen. Overall, about 10% of men have cellulite (compared to over 90% of women).



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1/22/19 7:53 A

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If you exercise regularly, it's possible to reduce your cholesterol even if you don't lose weight.
True emoticon
Several studies show widespread improvements in cholesterol levels are related to the amount of activity and not the intensity of exercise. The more minutes you exercise per week, the more your cholesterol levels will improve, even if accompanied by a minimal weight change.



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1/22/19 7:47 A

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Catching up on sleep can trigger migraines.
True emoticon
Lounging in bed until well after the sun rises—especially if you usually get up early—may help you catch up on some much needed sleep. However, alternating high-stress days with stress-free "veg" sessions can trigger changes in the amount of stress hormones in your bloodstream. As these hormone levels change, your blood vessels constrict (narrow) and dilate (widen), which can trigger a headache—especially if the shift is sudden.



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1/21/19 2:21 P

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Iron is only found in red meat.
False emoticon
The best sources of iron include liver and other organ meats, oysters, and black strap molasses. Good food sources include spinach, beans, and peas. Fair sources include lean meats, other shellfish, egg yolks, nuts, dried fruit, other green leafy vegetables, whole grains, poultry, and fish.



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1/21/19 2:18 P

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If you take time off or stop strength training, how quickly will your muscles begin to lose strength?
Within 2 weeks emoticon
After consistent strength training stops, you will eventually lose the strength that you built up. Without overload or maintenance, muscles will weaken in two weeks or less! This is the basis behind why individuals lose muscle mass as they age—because they are detraining by exercising less frequently.



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1/21/19 2:09 P

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About ____% of the calories you consume post-workout should come from protein.
25% emoticon
While carbs are essential, it’s also important to include some high-quality protein in your post-workout meal or snack. This protein will stop your body from breaking down muscle tissue for energy and initiate the process of rebuilding and repairing your muscles. About 25% of the calories you eat after a workout should come from protein—that's about 10-15 grams for most people.



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1/20/19 7:30 A

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Hey. My husband works as a fisherman and spends all our money on fishing rods and boats. I deleted all his online stores fisherinfo.com/best-inflatable-fishing-boa
t/
. He began ordering them through friends. Please give advice

Edited by: SUSANZOUSLEY at: 1/20/2019 (07:31)
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1/19/19 3:32 P

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What type of rhythmic exercise uses large muscle groups continuously?
B and C only emoticon
Aerobic exercise goes by a few other names, including cardiovascular exercise, cardio, and cardiorespiratory exercise. The word aerobic means "with oxygen". Regular aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, running, dancing, skiing, rollerblading, cycling, swimming, aerobics classes (both land and water), rowing, stair climbing, and more, can strengthen your lungs and heart, improving your health and helping you maintain a healthy weight. Read The Keys to Aerobic Exercise to learn more.



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1/19/19 3:28 P

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All grains and grain based foods contain gluten.
False. emoticon
Wheat (all types, including durum, einkorn, faro, kamut, semolina and spelt), barley, rye and certain processed oats all contain a protein called gluten, and all foods made from these grains (most flours, cereals, breads, pastas, crackers and cookies) contain gluten, too. Not all grains contain gluten, however. Amaranth, arrowroot, buckwheat, cassava (manioc), corn, flax, indian rice grass (montina), Job's tears, millet, finger millet (ragi), potatoes, quinoa, rice, sago, sorghum, soy, tapioca, tef (teff), wild rice and yucca are naturally gluten-free.



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1/19/19 3:20 P

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With each step you take, how much force do your knees and hips experience?
2-4 Times your Body Weight emoticon
Every time you take a step, the force on your knees and hips equals two to three times your body weight! Climbing down steps will increase the pressure on your knees and hips by six-fold—that's 900 pounds of pressure for a person who weights just 150 pounds. Your risk of developing osteoarthritis generally increases with the amount of weight that your joints have to bear. Once osteoarthritis has developed, being overweight exacerbates the condition. Your SparkDiet can help you lose the extra pounds safely and permanently.



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1/18/19 1:08 P

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The friendly bacteria in your digestive tract make vitamins that your body uses.
True emoticon
Vitamin K can be made in your digestive tract by the billions of bacteria that are in your intestines. Some of these bacteria synthesize vitamin K that your body can then absorb. You can also obtain vitamin K from food sources such as green-leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli, pork, liver, whole wheat, oats, and bran. Fair sources include fruits, vegetables, seeds, tubers, milk, and eggs.



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1/18/19 1:03 P

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For optimum health, you want your HDL cholesterol to be …
High (greater than 60 mg/dL) emoticon
HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) is the good, healthy cholesterol. HDL picks up and carries excess cholesterol away from artery walls and brings it back to the liver for processing and removal. You want this number to be high (at least 60 mg/dL)to protect your heart. Levels too low (less than 40 mg/dL) are bad for your health, increasing your risk for heart disease.



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1/18/19 12:59 P

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What is the most accurate method of measuring body fat percentage?
Underwater Weighing emoticon
Hydrostatic (underwater) weighing immerses a person in a large tank of water to calculate their body composition. Hydrostatic weighing is currently considered the "Gold Standard" of body composition analysis. It is the most accurate way to measure one’s body fat.



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1/17/19 8:23 A

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Which of the following statements about alcohol's effects on blood sugar is correct.
It can both raise and lower blood sugar emoticon
Alcohol can interfere with your blood glucose control, both raising and lowering blood sugar. Once in your system, alcohol initially lowers blood sugar, which can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Some alcoholic beverages can raise your blood sugar because of their high carbohydrate content. To prevent your blood sugar from going too high, avoid sweet wines, liqueurs, and sweetened drinks like daiquiris, margaritas, pina coladas, etc. and choose lower-carb drinks.



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1/17/19 8:17 A

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What are the 4 fat-soluble vitamins?
Vitamins A, D, E, and K emoticon
Four vitamins are fat-soluble: A, D, E, and K. Fat-soluble vitamins dissolve in fat. To be carried in your bloodstream and throughout your body, they must be attached to body chemicals made of lipids or fat. Your body is able to store these fat-soluble vitamins in body fat. Getting a new supply each day is not essential. Harmful, toxic levels of the fat-soluble vitamins can occur when excess amounts are consumed on a regular basis, usually from supplements.



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1/17/19 8:15 A

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What is blood pressure?
How much force blood creates against artery walls emoticon
Blood pressure, the force of blood against artery walls, is measured in millimeters of mercury.




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1/16/19 9:48 A

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Today's question.....

Which burger is lower in fat?
Wendy's Jr. Hamburger
McDonald's Hamburger

I went to the SP tracker, it said Wendy's JR is 8 grams of fat, McD's 9 grams of fat so clicked on Wendy's.

WRONG. Rationale, Wendy's has mayo which adds lots of fat bringing it to 15 or 16 grams of fat.

Which is it SP? Can't have both answers on here.

Linda

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1/16/19 8:12 A

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Which of the following ingredients is a sign that a food product is made with 100% whole wheat?
None of the above emoticon
To make sure you are getting 100% whole wheat bread, look at the ingredients list—not the front of the package. "Whole wheat flour" or "100% whole wheat flour" should be the first ingredient and the only flour listed. Don't fall for deceitful terms such as "wheat flour," "unbleached wheat flour," "multigrain," "enriched," or "stone-ground wheat flour." These are just sneaky ways of saying refined white flour.




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1/16/19 8:09 A

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Stretching can cause injury.
True emoticon
Flexibility training is broadly accepted as a way to increase joint mobility. The goal of stretching is to optimize joint mobility while maintaining joint stability. Although research has shown that different stretching methods will improve joint flexibility, it should be noted that inappropriate stretching can cause injury.



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1/16/19 8:06 A

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How many nutrients are lost when whole grains are refined into white flour?
17 emoticon
When grains are processed and refined, the bran and germ are removed, leaving behind the white endosperm. During this process, grains become less nutritious, losing 25% of their original protein content and 17 other essential nutrients. While manufacturers then "enrich" the flour with some vitamins and minerals, a naturally whole grain is still a healthier choice. Compared to refined grains (white bread, white rice, white flour), whole grains pack more protein, fiber, vitamins (B vitamins and vitamin E), and minerals (magnesium and iron), as well as some antioxidants not found in other foods.



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1/15/19 8:15 A

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The same two bacteria cultures are used to make all yogurts
True emoticon
Two such bacteria cultures, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus are used to make all yogurts.



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1/15/19 8:08 A

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Who is more likely to develop high blood pressure?
A 75-year-old woman emoticon
Your risk of developing high blood pressure increases as you age. Men over 45 and women over 55 are more likely to have high blood pressure than their younger counterparts. Up to age 55, men are more prone to high blood pressure than women, but after menopause, a woman's risk increases. By age 75, high blood pressure is more prevalent among women than men.



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1/15/19 7:47 A

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The elderly are more likely to be depressed than any other age group.
False emoticon
Depression is not a natural part of aging. While you may think that the risk of developing depression increases with age, that's not always the case. In fact, studies show that the elderly are more likely to be happy and content with their lives than their younger counterparts. Depression can occur at any age (even in children), but it is most common in people between the ages of 24 and 44.




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1/14/19 8:11 A

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People can have type 2 diabetes and show no symptoms.
True emoticon
Some people with type 2 diabetes won't show any symptoms. But for others, symptoms appear gradually. Common symptoms include increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, blurred vision and fatigue. Other signs include frequent infections and slow-healing wounds.




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For optimum health, adults should consume fewer than ___ mg of cholesterol each day.
300 emoticon
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in animal foods and in the body's blood, brain and nervous systems. It is essential to the structure of every cell in the body. The dietary goal for adults is to limit intake to fewer than 300 milligrams of cholesterol each day.




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Which of the following supplements can help prevent colds and the flu?
None of the above emoticon
Although each of these substances have been linked to cold prevention in some studies, but the jury's still out on the best role for herbal and vitamin supplements. According to respected organizations (such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Lung Association), there is no conclusive evidence that supports the notion that taking large doses of vitamin C, zinc, or Echinacea will prevent colds. However, these nutrients may reduce the severity or duration of some symptoms. Always talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.



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1/12/19 2:22 P

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Soybeans can contain more Omega-3's than certain types of fish.
True emoticon
One serving of cooked soybeans contains more omega-3s (in the form of ALA) than some coldwater fish. Tofu, which is made from soybeans, contains Omega-3's, too, but only about one-third as much as the whole cooked beans do.



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1/12/19 2:20 P

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Combining frozen fruit and sugar will give you what frozen dessert?
Sorbet emoticon
Sorbet is usually fruit and sugar that has been frozen. Sherbet has a fruit juice base but often contains some milk, egg whites or gelatin to thicken and richen it. It's a creamy version of sorbet.



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1/12/19 2:15 P

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Which of the following best characterizes the 'valsalva maneuver'?
A breathing issue emoticon
Many people have a tendency to hold their breath during strenuous activity like weight lifting--a big mistake. Known as the valsalva maneuver, this breathing issue, which involves exhaling forcibly without any air actually exiting the body, can limit oxygen delivery to the brain and cause dizziness, fainting, a spike in blood pressure and other complications.



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1/11/19 8:30 A

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Britain's Earl of the Sandwich invented the sandwich.
True emoticon
Years ago, Britain's Earl of the Sandwich, John Montague, couldn't be bothered wasting time at lengthy meals. Meals took too much time away from his passion for gambling. So, he asked for his meat to be brought between two slices of bread for a quick and easy meal that could be eaten while playing cards. The Earl was so proud of his discovery that he named it after himself. And thus, the sandwich was born.



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1/11/19 8:28 A

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Your body needs sodium.
True emoticon
Sodium is found mainly in blood plasma and in the fluids outside the body cells. It helps regulate the movement of body fluids in and out of the body cells. Sodium helps your muscles and heart to relax. It is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses and helps to regulate blood pressure.



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Cooking food in cast iron cookware can add iron to your food.
True emoticon
It's true! Cooking in cast iron adds a significant level of iron to the foods you cook, especially acidic foods such as tomato sauce.




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1/10/19 8:13 A

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To become a better runner, you must run every day.
False emoticon
Running every day is not a good idea. Without proper rest and recovery, your muscles will not repair adequately and you will increase your risk of injury, which could sideline you for days, weeks or even years. It is during the rest and recovery phase that your body adapts to running. This does not mean you can't do other cross-training activities on your non-running days, however.



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You should exercise in the 'fat burning zone' (low intensity, long duration) to lose the most weight.
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The "fat burning zone" business is very misleading. It’s true that low intensity exercise uses more fat as fuel and that moderate intensity exercise (that you can maintain for 20 minutes or more) burns both fat and glucose. But, you're better off exercising in the aerobic zone as much as you can, because exercising at this higher intensity burns more total calories. You will burn a larger percentage of fat in relation to glucose when you are working at a lower intensity, but you will also burn fewer total calories and less total fat. The relative percentage of fat burned has nothing to do with weight loss—it's the total amount calories burned that counts.



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